Malaria Type - Malignant Tertian Fever
What is a Malignant Tertian fever?
Malignant Tertian is a very severe type of malarial fever. This fever mainly appears in the autumn season and may last up to a period of one day or more and the subsequent attack may follow after the first attack has subsided. This state of fever is known as subtertian fever. If the infection is severe, malarial fever may occur everyday. Fall in pyrexial fever does not mean complete relieve forever, rather it is known as low severity fever.
As a rule, after passing through an malarial fever, patients feel completely recovered till the next attack is due, but the fever may not subside. For example, hyperpyrexia (very high fever) may develop and the temperature of the body may keep on increasing and the person may die. The second stage - the hot stage, may continue, without giving way to the third stage (sweating stage), when the patient normally loses its consciousness.
If the one more very serious stage occurs i.e. cerebral malaria, then the person is almost sure to die. In this stage the malarial parasites block the small blood vessels of the brain, and the person may die.
What are the prevention of Malignant Tertian ?
Prevention of malaria is as important as is curing it. Some prevention tips for malaria are given below:
What are the Causes of Malignant Tertian ?
The main cause of malaria if generally a tiny parasite called Plasmodium. The parasite grows in the liver of a person for a few days and then enters the bloodstream where it invades the red blood cells. The disease is spread by an female anopheles mosquito - she first bites a sick person and ingests a small quantity of blood containing parasites from his body. This parasites then passes through several stages of development within the mosquito's body, and then finally find their way to mosquito's salivary glands. After that the parasites are finally transmitted to a healthy person by a mosquito bite. The malaria-carrying mosquito breeds in stagnant water.
According to naturopathy, however, the real causes of malaria are the wrong feeding habits of human beings and their faulty style of living - all this results in accumulating systemic refuse and morbid matter. It is on this waste matter that the malaria germ breeds. The liberal intake of flesh foods, tinned and other denatured foods, and alcoholic beverages lowers the vitality of the system and paves the way for the development of malaria.
Symptoms of Malignant Fever
There are three main types of malaria, classified according to the parasite which causes it. They are tertian fever, quartan fever and malignant tertian malaria. The most common symptom of all types of malaria is high fever, which may occur every day, on alternate days, or every fourth day. The fever is accompanied by chills, headache, shivering, and pain in the limbs. The temperature comes down after some time with profuse sweating.
Fever occurs about every 48 hours but this periodicity is often masked because the stages are not always synchronous. This periodicity is termed tertian because of fever on the first day, no fever on the second and then a return of fever on the third day. Plasmodium falciparum lives in a temperature of at least 20ºC so is found mainly in warmer parts of the world.
What are the Treatment of Malignant Tertial ?
In initial measures: Apply cold pad on patient's forehead. But, when the fever crosses a temperature of 105°F, patient's entire body should be wrapped with a sheet dipped in cold water repeatedly till the temperature subsides. CAUTION : Do not use ice-cold water or simply ice, instead you should use normal cold tap water for this purpose. You can also give cold water to drink to the patient.
Herbal Treatment for Malignant Tertian
1. 250 mg of Sheetmani Rasa can be taken thrice daily with honey.
2. Mixture of 125 mg of Mahajwara ankush Rasa and 240 mg of Shuddha Sphatika can be taken with juice of tulsi leaves thrice daily.
The above medicines are for the initial attacks of malaria; when the attacks are intermittent, the following medicines would he more useful:
I. 60 mg of Tuvrimallayogia to be administered two times daily - the first dose should be given one hour before the attack and another one hour after.
2. Mix 125 mg each of Godanti Bhasma, Shuddha Sphatika, and Flesh of Karanja. Now prepare six pills out of the above mixture and two pills to be taken at an interval of 2 hours before expected attack.
Some Diet Tips for Malignant Tertian
1. Solid foods should be replaced by a liquid diet. Green vegetables and fruits are recommended in the post-recovery stage.
2. If a mild laxative is administered to the patient before an attack comes on, its virulence is modified. Daily activities should be increased only gradually.
Home Remedies for treatment of Malignant Fever
You can take a mixture of 10-15 ml juice of Tulsi (holy basil) and 2-3 gm powder of black pepper during the cold stage of the fever so as to bring down the intensity of fever. Holy basil has proved to be protective, curative and preventive for malarial fever many a times. To ward off the danger of malarial fever, even tea can be prepared and served to the patient by mixing and boiling above mentioned ingredients - it will reduce severity of malaria.
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