what is a Sandfly Fever?
Sandfly is the common name of a flying, biting, blood-sucking insect found in many countries. Sandfly is also known in Florida and elsewhere as a Sandflea, No-see-um, No-see-em, Noseeum, or Punkie. It is also known as Three-day fever because sandfly fever's normal duration is a short or three day. It is common at the junction of the seasons. It is find in the northern regions of India, particularly in Punjab, Delhi, Western U.P., and Madhya Pradesh.
It's the primary vector of leishmaniasis. Leishmaniasis is spread by sandflies of the genus Lutzomyia. In the old world, the disease is spread by sandflies of the genus Phlebotomus. Female sandflies suck blood from many warm-blooded animals because the blood helps to create egg. Only female sandflies may bite.Female sandflies use their mouthparts to create a pool of blood, which is then sucked up.
What are the symptoms of Sandfly Fever?
The temperature goes upto 40°C and returns to normal after three days, sometimes, there may be a relapse. The pulse is weak and thready.
People who have cutaneous sandfly fever have more sores on their skin. The sores may change in their size and appearance over the time. They often looking volcano, with a raised edge or central crater. More sores are covered by a scab. The sores may painless or may be painful. Some people have swollen glands near the sores for example, under the arm if the sores are on the arm.
What are the causes of sandfly fever?
Sandfly fever is caused by the sandfly - a small or hair midge called Phlebotomus papatasi
Main causes of sandfly fever are virus, serotype Toscana. In some patients, serotype Toscana may cause meningitis and meningoencephalitis.TOS infection should be considered as a cause of acute central nervous system disorders in patients returning from areas of endemicity.Sandfly fever may cause systemic disea,an organism transmitted by the bite of a sandfly,
Risk factor list
The list of risk factors mentioned for Sandfly fever in various sources includes:
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