Bogbean- How Bogbean Works? - Side Effects of Use
Common Trade Names
Bogbean and Figwart Capsules
Available as dried leaf, liquid extract, and tincture.
Bogbean extract is made from the leaves of Menyanthes trifoliata. This plant is native to swamps and marshes in Europe and North America.
Several acids (caffeic, chlorogenic, ferulic, folic, palmitic, salicylic, vanillic), alkaloids (choline, gentianin, gentianidine), and flavonoids (hyperin, kaempferol, quercetin, rutin, trifolioside) are present in bogbean. Other components include a coumarin, scopoletin, iridoids, carotene, and ceryl alcohol.
Bogbean is claimed to have diuretic properties. An in vitro study suggests that compounds isolated from bogbean may be valuable analgesics. The isolation of eight compounds from the dried rhizomes of M. trifoliata and their inhibition on prostaglandin synthesis was reported. Two of the eight compounds showed significant inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, with compounds 2 to 14 times more potent than aspirin. The other isolated compounds did not affect prostaglandin synthesis.
Tertiary references suggest that bile-stimulating properties have been described for both caffeic and ferulic acid. Bogbean extracts have also demonstrated antibactericidal properties .
Bogbean has been reported to be an antirheumatic, an appetite stimulant, a cathartic laxative, and an agent for fevers, scurvy, and dropsy (edematous state). Human trials evaluating bogbean for safety and efficacy are lacking.
Contraindications And Precautions
Bogbean is contraindicated in pregnant or breast-feeding patients.
Points of Interest
The fruit of trifoliata, a plant found predominantly in swamps and bogs, resembles a small bean; hence the name bogbean.
Small quantities of bogbean are used as a natural food flavoring in Europe.
Although animal studies have documented a few therapeutic pharmacologic uses for bogbean, definitive validation from human clinical trials is not available to justify its use for any therapeutic claims. Questions about safety remain unanswered.
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